What is the prostate?

The prostate gland is present in males that helps in the metabolism of the male sex hormone called the ‘Testosterone’. It also produces a seminal fluid that contains sperms. Within the prostate gland, the testosterone is converted to a biologically active form called dihydrotestosterone by an enzyme named 5-alfa reductase. 

Well, what is prostate cancer?

Anything can be cancer when the tissue proliferates more than its size and shape. Cancer that is in the prostate gland is called prostate cancer. It is one of the most common cancers among men across the world. This prostate cancer can be either benign or malignant. Benign is confined to the gland whereas malignant is the spread of cancer to other tissues and organs.

Who is more prone to get prostate cancer?

Well, there are some risk factors which include A diet that contains high amounts of processed meats like red meat, heavy intake of lactose, Patients who are 50 years above with obesity, Familial history and race also play a role, Prostatitis is the infection and inflammation of the prostate gland, Hanuman papillomavirus, Neisseria bacteria.

How does it affect an individual? There are some warning signs of prostate cancer.

  • ​It causes erectile dysfunction
  • ​Painful or burning sensation during erection and urination.
  • ​Urination becomes painful and may contain blood in it.

Types of prostate cancer surgery:

Radical surgical prostatectomy-

This type is otherwise called an open prostatectomy. In this type of surgery, the entire prostate along with the seminal vesicles are cut and removed. Local lymph nodes may be resected in case of infections.

Adverse effects of Radical surgical prostatectomy include:

  • Loss of sexual function like erectile dysfunction. This can be avoided by performing nerve-sparing surgeries wherein nerves that are responsible for orgasm are not damaged.
  • in such cases, penal implants, injections, or drugs can be advised.
  • Urinary incontinence.

Laparoscopic prostatectomy:

Laparoscopic procedures involve digging keyhole incisions at the abdominal region into which robotic instruments are sent to resect or remove the prostate. It causes less pain and postoperative bleeding when compared to the conventional type. Although the side effects remain the same.

Orchiectomy – 

It is a surgical procedure wherein the testicles involved are removed.

Thus could be bi or unilateral.

Transurethral resection of the prostate-

As the name suggests, the approach to the prostate is by inserting a ‘Cryoscope’ through the urethra. This type is preferred when the main aim is to treat urinary incontinence.

Overall side effects include:

  • Pain, fatigue, organ dysfunction, loss of appetite, constipation
  • Infertility, reduced orgasm                                                                                  
  • Swelling, drainage, infection at the site of surgery
  • Insecurities, emotional side effects, self-image, etc. 
  • What to prevent or manage the situation:
  • A good diet, and regular exercise help.
  • Consulting the doctor and early diagnosis will help manage and treat prostate cancer.

Where is the surgery indicated?

As discussed previously, there are two types of cancer – Benign and malignant. In Benign conditions, where the cancer is confined to the gland and is not spread to other tissues, the surgery can be done by an Experienced Prostate Cancer Surgeon Near Me. Prostate cancer surgery is followed by a multidisciplinary approach. The team includes a medical oncologist, radiation oncologist, and urologist.

In some cases, this cancer needs minimal treatment, but in some other cases, it requires intense treatment if it’s extremely aggressive and spreads very high.

There are very less chances of getting this cancer cured if it is detected in the later stages of its growth but can be recovered easily if found out earlier when it’s only confined to the part of the prostate gland in the body.

By Mr Stew

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